Applying For A Protection Order In South Africa


For many people throughout South Africa, the constant threat of violence or unwanted attention is a reality in their everyday lives. Luckily, there is legal recourse that can offer protection from this unwanted attention in the form of protection orders. Applying for a protection order might seem daunting, but if you follow the procedure correctly, once granted, a protection order can significantly improve your safety and well-being.

A protection order is a legal document issued by a court to protect individuals experiencing domestic abuse or harassment. It provides legal protection and prevents the respondent from engaging in specific actions that may cause harm or distress to the applicant.

If you find yourself in a situation where you need legal protection from domestic abuse or harassment, being equipt with valuable information about how to apply for a protection order can be a crucial step towards safeguarding yourself and your loved ones.


Step-By-Step Protection Order Application Process

Applying for a protection order involves several essential steps. While the process may seem frightening, it is crucial to take action to ensure your safety. Here is a step-by-step breakdown of the application process:

  • Seek legal advice: Consult with an experienced attorney specializing in protection orders. They will guide you through the process, provide legal support, and help you understand your rights and options.
  • Prepare the application: Work closely with your attorney to gather all the necessary information and evidence to support your case. To strengthen your application, provide a detailed account of the incidents, including dates, times, and any witnesses.
  • Visit the court: Visit the Magistrate’s Court in your area to complete the necessary forms for a protection order application. You may also need to provide supporting documents, such as identification, proof of residence, and any evidence you have collected.
  • Application submission: Submit the completed application forms and supporting documents to the court clerk. Ensure all the information is accurate and complete to avoid delays or complications.
  • Court hearing: Once your application is submitted, the court will schedule a hearing. Attending the hearing and presenting your case before the presiding magistrate is essential. If you have an attorney, they can guide you on how best to present your evidence and arguments to the court.


What Type of Situations Warrant A Protection Order Application?

You might be wondering if your unique situation warrants a protection order application. If so, which kind of protection order should you apply for, as Domestic and Harassment Protection Orders are for different circumstances?


Domestic Protection Orders

Domestic Protection Orders are specifically designed to address domestic abuse or violence within a domestic relationship. These orders provide legal protection for individuals experiencing abuse from a current or former spouse, partner, family member, or housemate. Here are some situations that may warrant a Domestic Protection Order:

  • Physical Abuse: If you have been physically assaulted or threatened with bodily harm by someone with whom you have or had a domestic relationship, you may need to apply for a Domestic Protection Order. Physical abuse includes hitting, punching, kicking, slapping, or other forms of physical violence.
  • Emotional or Psychological Abuse: Domestic Protection Orders also cover emotional or psychological abuse, which can be as damaging as physical abuse. A protection order can offer legal protection if you are subjected to constant insults, humiliation, manipulation, threats, or controlling behavior that causes significant emotional distress.
  • Sexual Abuse: Sexual abuse within a domestic relationship severely violates personal boundaries. If you have experienced non-consensual sexual acts or sexual violence or coercion from your current or former partner, applying for a Domestic Protection Order is crucial to safeguard your well-being.
  • Financial Abuse: Financial abuse involves controlling or manipulating finances by a partner or family member, causing economic hardship and dependence. If you are being denied access to money, coerced into signing financial documents, or experiencing any other form of financial exploitation within a domestic relationship, seeking a protection order can help you regain control over your financial situation.


Harassment Orders

Harassment Orders are applicable when individuals face persistent and unwanted behavior that causes fear, anxiety, or distress. These orders are designed to protect individuals from various forms of harassment, including:

  • Stalking: If someone is constantly following, monitoring, or surveilling you without your consent, stalking is likely occurring. Stalking can be highly distressing and involve unwanted physical presence, repeated phone calls, messages, or online harassment. Applying for a Harassment Protection Order can provide legal protection against the stalker’s actions.
  • Cyberbullying: With the rise of technology, cyberbullying has become a prevalent form of harassment. Suppose you are being subjected to online harassment, threats, or the spreading of harmful or false information through social media, emails, or other digital platforms. In that case, a Harassment Protection Order can help stop such behavior.
  • Unwanted Contact: If you receive persistent unwanted contact, such as excessive phone calls, text messages, or emails, despite expressing your desire for no contact, it can be considered harassment. If you are constantly bombarded with unwanted attention that causes fear, anxiety, or distress, seeking a Harassment Protection Order can help establish boundaries and protect your peace of mind.


What Will The Protection Order Prevent?

Once a protection order is granted, it legally binds the respondent to adhere to certain restrictions. These restrictions vary depending on the situation, but generally, the protection order may prohibit the respondent from:

  • Approaching or contacting the applicant.
  • Physically or verbally abusing the applicant.
  • Entering the applicant’s residence or workplace.
  • Making threats or causing harm to the applicant or their loved ones.
  • Possessing firearms or other weapons.


Important Information Regarding Protection Orders

When considering applying for a protection order, it is essential to keep the following key points in mind:

  • Confidentiality: Protection orders are legally protected documents, and the court takes specific measures to ensure your personal information remains confidential.
  • Temporary Orders: Sometimes, the court may grant a temporary protection order (interim order) until a final decision is made. This temporary order provides immediate protection while the complete application is being processed.
  • Violation of the Order: If the respondent violates any terms of the protection order, it is crucial to report the incident to the police immediately. Violations can result in legal consequences for the respondent.
  • Legal Assistance: Seek legal representation from a qualified attorney specializing in protection orders. They will guide you through the process, offer support, and help protect your rights.


Obtaining a protection order is a vital step toward securing your safety and well-being in the face of domestic abuse or harassment. At Burnett Attorneys & Nottaries, we understand that the circumstances surrounding a protection order application can be both daunting and emotionally charged.

If you require any assistance with your application or have any queries surrounding the application process, we would be happy to help you in this endeavor. Please don’t hesitate to contact us. Remember, you are not alone; legal support is available to assist you through this challenging time.